When you use GPS on your mobile device, it is almost certainly using some form of assistance to find your location faster. Attempting to only use pure GPS satellites can take as long as 15 or 20 minutes.
Therefore, modern mobile devices use other ambient wireless signals such as cell towers and wifi access points to speed up your location lookup. There’s lots of technology behind this, but we simplify by calling it all AGPS (assisted GPS).
The thing is, the large databases that contain this ambient wireless information are almost all proprietary. Some data collectors will sell you commercial access to their database. Others such as Google, provide throttled, restricted, TOS-protected access. No one I am aware of provides access to the raw data at all.
Why are these proprietary databases an issue? Consider — wireless signals such as cell towers and wifi are ambient. They are just part of the environment. Since this information exists in the public domain, it should remain in the public domain, and free for all to access and build upon.
To be clear, collecting this public knowledge, aggregating it, and cleaning it up requires material effort. From a moral standpoint, I do think that if a company or organization goes through the immense effort to collect the data, it is reasonable and legitimate to monetarily profit from it. I have no moral issue there1.
At the same time, this is the type of infrastructural problem that an open source, crowd sourced approach is perfectly designed to fix. Once. And for all of humanity.
Which is why the Mozilla Location Service is such an interesting and important project. Giving API access to their database is fantastic2.
If you look at the map though, you’ll see lots of dark areas. And this is where you can help.
If you’re comfortable with early stage software with rough edges, you should install their Android app and help the project by going around and collecting this ambient wireless data.
Note: the only way to install the app right now is to put your Android phone in developer mode, physically connect a USB cable, and use the ‘adb’ tool to manually install it. Easy if you already know how; not so easy if you don’t. Hopefully they add the app to the Play store soon…
The app will upload the collected data to their database, and you can watch the map fill in (updated once a day). If you need more instant gratification, the leaderboard is updated in near realtime.
You might not want to spend time proofreading articles on Wikipedia, but running an app on your Android device and then moving around is pretty darn easy in comparison.
So that’s what I did today — rode my bike around for open source ideals. Here’s the map of my ride in Strava:
I think I collected about 4000+ data points on that ride. And now the map in San Francisco looks like this:
Pretty neat! You can obviously collect data however you like: walking around, driving your car, or taking public transportation.
For more reading:
- Introducing the Mozilla location service
- Soledad Penadés’s blog about MLS
- wiki page
- how Mapbox helped with this project
1: well, I might quibble with the vast amount of resources spent to collect this data, repeated across each vendor. None of them are collaborating with each other, so they all have to individually re-visit each GPS coordinate on the planet, which is incredibly wasteful.
2: you can’t download the raw database yet as they’re still working out the legal issues, but the Mozilla organization has a good track record of upholding open access ideals. This is addressed in their FAQ.